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IPBES Ontology

Prepared by Maral Dadvar and Aidin Niamir
Contributors: Dave Thau, Benedict Omare and Renske Gudde
For any inquires please contact [email protected]
Version: 1.0 Last Updated: February 27th, 2024

Abstract

The ontology developed for representing intergovernmental reports and the broad topics and information that they cover.

Table of content

1. Introduction

The Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES) is the intergovernmental body which assesses the state of biodiversity and of the ecosystem services it provides to society, in response to requests from decision makers. To this end, it produces regular regional, national and global assessment reports in collaborations with many experts, scientists and politicians from a wide range of expertise, nationalities and backgrounds. To our knowledge, there is no existing ontology for representation of intergovernmental reports and the broad topics and information that they cover. To this end, we have created the IPBES ontology as the stepping stone for representing these types of data as LOD and make them accessible for further exploration.

2. Namespace Declarations

This is the list of the namesspaces used in this ontology.

3. The IPBES Ontology Description

The classes and properties used in IPBES ontology are created on the fly based on the information that we encounter and the concepts that we aimed to represent. However, the usage of the properties is consistent and the coined URI’s are stable and unique. Currently our ontology consists of 6 classes, each representing a specific part of the data along with their corresponding attributes.

4. Classes and Attributes

Classes
Text
Text
Text
Text
Text
Text
Text
Text
Report
Chapter
Reference
Person

Report

Class
Text
ipbes.Report
Properties
Text
skos:prefLabel
The label that is preferred to be used for a chapter, sub-chapter, report or person
Skos:altLabel
Alternative writing format or language of the preferred label
ipbes:year
The publication year
ipbes:hasDoi
The DOI number

Chapter

Class
Text
ipbes.Chapter
Properties
Text
skos:prefLabel
The label that is preferred to be used for a chapter, sub-chapter, report or person
ipbes:Report
Link to the class Report of the chapter
ipbes:hasDoi
The DOI number
ipbes:identifier
The identifier of the chapter or sub-chapter or key message in the report
foaf.Person
The list of persons who have a role in this chapter

Sub-chapter

Class
Text
ipbes.SubChapter
Properties
Text
ipbes:identifier
The identifier of the chapter or sub-chapter or key message in the report
ipbes:Chapter
Link to the class Chapter of the sub-chapter
ipbes:Report
Link to the class Report of the sub-chapter
ipbes:KeyMessage
Link to the class KeyMessage for which the sub-chapter has been referred to
ipbes:Reference
Link to the class reference for the citations used in each subchapter
skos:prefLabel
The label that is preferred to be used for a chapter, sub-chapter , report or person
ipbes:hasDescription
The text that further describes the content

Key message

Class
Text
ipbes.KeyMessage
Properties
Text
ipbes:SubChapter
Link to the class SubChapter in which the key message has been referred to
ipbes:identifier
The identifier of the chapter or sub-chapter or key message in the report
ipbes:Report
Link to the class Report of the key message
skos:prefLabel
The label that is preferred to be used for a chapter, sub-chapter, report or person
ipbes:hasDescription
The text that further describes the content
ipbes:hasEstablishedIncomplete
Level of confidence
ipbes:hasWellestablished
Level of confidence
ipbes:hasUnresolved
Level of confidence
ipbes:hasInconclusive
Level of confidence

Background message

Class
Text
ipbes.BackgroundMessage
Properties
Text
ipbes:SubMessage
Link to the sub-messages used in each background message
ipbes:identifier
The identifier of the chapter or sub-chapter or key message in the report
ipbes:Report
Link to the class Report of the key message
skos:prefLabel
The label that is preferred to be used for a chapter, sub-chapter, report or person
ipbes:hasDescription
The text that further describes the content
ipbes:hasEstablishedIncomplete
Level of confidence
ipbes:hasWellestablished
Level of confidence
ipbes:hasUnresolved
Level of confidence
ipbes:hasInconclusive
Level of confidence

Sub-message

Class
Text
ipbes.SubMessage
Properties
Text
ipbes:identifier
The identifier of the chapter or sub-chapter or key message in the report
ipbes:hasDescription
The text that further describes the content
ipbes:SubChapter
Link to class SubChapter. Use for subchapters mentioned in the sub-message.
ipbes:Illustration
Link to class Illustration. Used for mentioned tables, figures or boxes in the sub-message.
ipbes:hasEstablishedIncomplete
Level of confidence
ipbes:hasWellestablished
Level of confidence
ipbes:hasUnresolved
Level of confidence
ipbes:hasInconclusive
Level of confidence

Illustration

Class
Text
ipbes.Illustration
Properties
Text
ipbes:identifier
The identifier of the chapter or sub-chapter or key message in the report
skos:prefLabel
The label that is preferred to be used for a chapter, sub-chapter, report or person
ipbes:hasDescription
The text that further describes the content
ipbes:hasDoi
The DOI number
owl:sameAs
Link to other resources such as the zotero repository of the reference

Reference

Class
Text
ipbes.Reference
Properties
Text
ipbes:Chapter
Link to the class Chapter in which the reference has been used
ipbes:Report
Link to the class Report
ipbes:SubChapter
Link to the class SubChapter in which the reference has been used
owl:sameAs
Link to other resources such as the zotero repository of the reference
ipbes:hasDescription
The text that further describes the content
ipbes:hasDoi
The DOI number

Person

Properties
Text
foaf:firstName
First name of the person
foaf:lastName
Family name of the person
ipbes:Chapter
Link to the class Chapter in which the person has a role
ipbes:Report
Link to the class Report
skos:prefLabel
The label that is preferred to be used for a chapter, sub-chapter, report or person
ipbes:orcID
ORCID identifier of the person
ipbes:country
Country of residence of the person
ipbes:ca
Contributing authors in the stated chapter and report
ipbes:cl
Coordinating lead authors in the stated chapter and report
ipbes:fl
Fellows in the stated chapter and report
ipbes:cs
Co-chairs in the stated chapter and report
ipbes:la
Lead authors in the stated chapter and report
ipbes:re
Review editors in the stated chapter and report

5. References

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